AN OVERVIEW OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING SCHEME
Development of human resource is crucial for the industrial development of any nation. Up-gradation of skills is an important component of Human Resource Development. Training imparted in institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training at the workplace. The Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the prime objective to utilize fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry. Initially, the Act covered the apprenticeship training for the trade Apprentices and subsequently amended in 1973, 1986 and 2014 to bring the Graduates, Technician, Technician (Vocational) and Optional Trade Apprentices respectively under its purview.
Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the following objectives :-
- To regulate the programme of training of apprentices in the industry so as to conform to the syllabi, period of training etc. as laid down by the Central Apprenticeship Council; and
- To utilise fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry.
MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT
- Directorate General of Training under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship monitors the implementation of the Apprentices Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in the Central Government Undertakings & Departments and establishments operating business 4 or more states through six Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Training (RDAT) located at Chennai, Faridabad, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, & Mumbai.
- State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings/ Departments and Private Establishments.
- Department of Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the Act in respect of Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) Apprentices. This monitoring is done through four Boards of Apprenticeship Training located at Chennai, Kanpur, Kolkata and Mumbai.
CENTRAL APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL
- It is an apex statutory body.It is tripartite by constituion with members from Government both Central and States/UTs, Employers etc
- It advises the Government on laying down of policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of Apprenticeship Training.
Fields of apprenticeship training
Apprenticeship training can be provided to apprentices both in designated and optional trades.
Designated trade means any trade or occupation as notified by the Government.
Optional trade means any trade or occupation decided by an employer.
- Designated trade
- Optional trade
Categories of apprentices
There are five categories of apprentices:
- Trade apprentices
- Graduate apprentices
- Technician apprentices
- Technician (Vocational) apprentices
- Optional trade apprentices
- It is obligatory on the part of employers having manpower strength 40 or more and having requisite training infrastructure as laid down in the Act, to engage apprentices.
- Employer shall engage of apprentices in a band of 2.5% to 10% of total manpower strength of the establishments including contractual staff.
- The total engagements of apprentices in the band with of 2.5% to 10% include all categories of apprentices engaged by establishment.
- The establishments /Employers can decide the categories of apprentices and trade(s) in which the apprentices to be engaged depending upon the facility available with them for imparting on-the- job training/ practical training at his workplace.
- The minimum rate of stipend per month payable to trade apprentices is as follows:
Stipend (Year wise)
|Year||Minimum Rate of Stipend|
|First Year||70% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.|
|Second Year||80% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.|
|Third & Fourth Year||90% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.|
- The expenditure on stipend for trade apprentices is borne by the employers.
- The rates of stipend for Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) apprentices are Rs. 4984 p.m., Rs. 3542 p.m. and Rs. 2758 p.m. respectively. (with effect from 19th December, 2014)
- Expenditure on Stipend for the categories of Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) apprentices is shared equally between the employer and the Central Government.
TRAINING OF TRADE APPRENTICES
- Minimum age is 14 years.
- Qualifications vary from Class VIII pass to XII class pass (10+2) system.
- Period of training varies from one year & two months to 2 years
- Training comprises Basic Training and Practical Training followed by Related Instructions as per prescribed syllabus for each trade.
- 261 trades in 39 trade groups have been designated.
- Numbers of seats for apprentices are calculated in the band of 2.5% to 10% of the total strength of the workers.
- Every apprentice and employer has to enter into a contract of apprenticeship training, which is registered by the Apprenticeship Advisers.
- Employers and apprentices have to fulfill their obligations under the Act.
TESTING AND CERTIFICATION OF TRADE APPRENTICES
- All India Trade Tests (AITT) for trade apprentices are conducted by National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) twice a year ( October/ November and April/May).
- National Apprenticeship Certificates (NAC) are awarded to those who pass the AITT.
- NAC is recognized for employment under Govt./Semi-Government departments/ organizations.
SKILL COMPETITION OF TRADE APPRENTICES
- With a view to fostering healthy competition among apprentices as well as establishments, skill competition is organized at local, regional & All India levels.
- Skill competition is held for 15 trades namely; Fitter, Machinist, Turner, Welder (Gas & Electric), Electrician, Mechanic (Motor Vehicle), Tool & Die Maker (Die & Moulds), Tool and Die Maker(Press Tool, Jigs & Fixture), Instrument Mechanic, Draughtsman (Mechanical), Mechanic Machine Tool Maintenance, Wireman, Mechanic(Diesel), Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning Mechanic and Electronics Mechanic
TRAINING OF GRADUATE, TECHNICIAN AND TECHNICIAN (VOCATIONAL APPRENTICES)
- 163 subject fields have been designated for the category of Graduate & Technician apprentices.
- 137 subject fields have been designated for the category of Technician (Vocational) apprentices.
- Period of post qualification training for these categories is one year.
- Seats are located based on managerial/supervisory posts and training facilities.
- Training programme is prepared in joint consultation between Apprenticeship Adviser Establishment concerned.
- Certificates are awarded on completion of training by the Deptt. of Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development.